This often occurs when the borrower cannot afford to pay the mortgage loan on the property and the lender decides that selling the property at a moderate loss is better than going through the foreclosure process. A short sale is often not a “short” process and it can take up to months to get a response from the bank or lender. Short sales are often a better route for sellers so they do not have to go through the foreclosure process and a short sale is not as bad on their credit.
A real estate owned (REO) property is one that has been through the foreclosure process and is in possession of the bank or lender.
A property at this stage has usually gone unsuccessfully to auction and then comes back on the market as a bank-owned property. The process of purchasing a REO property is typically much quicker and easier than purchasing a short sale property. Click on the link for more information about California Short Sales.
How is a Short Sale Seller’s Credit Affected?
Fair Isaac released a report that says credit scores are affected about the same, whether a seller does a short sale or foreclosure. Fair Issac says the average points lost on a credit score are as follows:
- 30 days late: 40 to 110 points
- 90 days late: 70 to 135 points
- Foreclosure, short sale or deed-in-lieu: 85 to 160
- Bankruptcy: 130 to 240
- Foreclosure or Deed-in-Lieu of Foreclosure
Both of these solutions affect credit the same. Sellers will take a hit of 200 to 300 points, depending on overall condition of credit. This means if a seller’s FICO score before foreclosure was 680, it could dip as low as 380. That being said, there is the potential for the ding to vary significantly from person to person, depending on other compensating factors.
- Short Sale
The effect of a short sale (providing the sellers are more than 59 days late) on a seller’s credit report is identical to that of a foreclosure. The ding on credit will show up as a pre-foreclosure in redemption status, which will result in a loss of 200 to 300 points. This means a short sale seller with a previous FICO of 720 could see it fall from 520 to 420.
Waiting Period Before Buying Another Home: This can be a key difference.
- VA loans: 2 years
- FHA loan: 3 years
- Conventional: 7 years
- Conventional: 2 years (if 20% down payment)
- FHA: 3 years
Note: All of this of course assumes credit/income qualifications are meeting standard guidelines.
Click on the links below to see current short sales and/or REOs in each area. Contact Linda Granger for more details.